Pests are problems! Trust us, we know! Typical pests in the gardening world are: insects, weeds and fungus. Pesticides can also be problematic. A pesticide is any product (synthetic or organic) that is used to target the pest and ultimately control the situation. Minimizing the use of pesticides is always a good idea. But, how? Here are some techniques you can use to help prevent infestations:
-Make it a goal to inspect your garden areas frequently for developing problems. A great example is weed control. Early intervention is far easier and more effective than letting the issue get out of control.
-Make sure plants are properly spaced and planted in the right location where they receive the proper soil, drainage, water, and light.
-Choose plants that are well adapted to our climate. It’s also a good idea to consider those that have disease resistance and are not prone to known problems.
-Crop rotation is important in vegetable and annual flower beds that are changed out from season to season. Planting the same plants in the same area year after year can cause a buildup in the soil of disease organisms that use that plant as a host. Plant different plants from year to year whenever possible.
-Always keep your garden areas as weed and debris free as possible. Fruit and fallen leaves infected with disease should be raked up, bagged and thrown away.
-Apply mulch around plants to reduce the diseases caused by organisms that live in the soil and are splashed onto plants by rain. This is especially helpful with fruit and vegetable crops.
-Mulch is also the best defense against weeds in garden beds.
-Finally, if you have a plant that is constantly giving you problems despite your best efforts, consider removing them and replacing them with a plant found to be more care-free.